UTI infection antibiotics

Urinary tract infection is a common ailment that affects most people at least once in their lifetime. Although it can affect persons of any gender and age, women are more susceptible, especially during their pregnancy.


The symptoms of UTI include a strong urge to urinate frequently which might be followed by a sharp pain while urinating. Often this is followed by soreness and pain in lower back areas or lower abdomen.

Urinary tract infection is caused by bacteria (e.coli in most cases) that enter the urinary tract through the urethra. Normally these will be flushed out regularly by the body while urinating.

In cases where it does not happen fully, the bacteria begin to move up the tract and also tend to multiply heavily. This in the cause of the resultant infection and pain and in severe cases, a visit to the doctor is necessary.

Once you visit a doctor, UTI infection is mostly treated with antibiotics. In most cases the diagnosis is done using urine culture. The number of bacteria in the sample is the basic information used to determine whether a person is affected with UTI or not.

The urine sample is examined in a lab and is cultured in dishes by adding substances that promote the bacteria’s growth. This way, if the bacteria are present, it can easily be found out using a lab microscope.

Doctors prescribe antibiotics for UTI that kill the bacteria that cause the infection. The most common among UTI infection antibiotics until recently was amoxicillin.

Of late, it has been found out that amoxicillin is not effective in certain percentage of cases where the cause of the infection is due to e.coli bacteria, therefore a combination drug called Augmentin containing amoxicillin and clavulanate is sometimes prescribed.

TMP-SMX or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is the most common UTI infection antibiotic that is prescribed in most cases. A three day course can cure the infection effectively.

This drug can be allergic to certain people and the allergic reactions can be very serious. Therefore care should be taken before prescribing or consuming this drug.

Other common antibiotics in the case of UTI infection are Fosfomycin (Monurol), nitrofurantoin, Fluoroquinolones etc. These drugs are effective but certain drugs but can have side effects or allergies.

Extra care and precautions should be taken before these are used by pregnant women. It is always best to consult a doctor and explain the specific cases before consuming drugs.

 


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